Pitaya or pitahaya is commonlyknown in English as "dragon fruit". They originate from Mexico, and are also cultivated in East Asian and South-East Asian countries such as Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Taiwan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
It is the fruit of a cactus. It is oval, spiky, bright pink or yellow. Inside lie tiny edible black seeds embedded in juicy, pink or white flesh.It has a mild sweetness, similar in taste and texture to a melon.
Dragon Fruit is rich in fibre, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorous and antioxidants. These can all help to prevent cancer, high blood pressure & rheumatism.
Dragon Fruit is widely grown in the tropics and, when eaten near to where it is harvested, is incredibly fragrant. It loses some of its delicacy with shipping. It is sold in UK markets and supermarkets.
Pitaya skin is inedible, but its seed-filled flesh can be easily removed with a teaspoon, or cut away from its skin and diced or sliced into rounds. Add lime juice to bring out the flavour of pitaya and combine with other tropical fruit such as watermelon, lychee, rambutan and star fruit in fruit salads or fruit drinks.